Apr 20, 2021  
2020-2021 Undergraduate Academic Catalog 
    
2020-2021 Undergraduate Academic Catalog

Course Descriptions


 

Accounting

  
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    ACC x91 - Special Topics


    Variable credits
    An in-depth study and discussion of a specific business topics. May be repeated with change of topics. Possible topics include leadership, transnational strategic management.
    Prerequisite(s): Varies with topic.
    Term Offered: See department chair
  
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    ACC x99 - Independent Study


    Variable credits
    By arrangement with the department.
    Term Offered: See department chair
  
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    ACC 210 - Financial Accounting


    3 credits
    The fundamental techniques of analyzing, recording, summarizing, and reporting the financial effects of business transactions. Examines generally accepted accounting principles and concepts/procedures of financial accounting essential to the preparation, understanding, and interpretation of accounting information.
    Prerequisite(s): Sophomore standing
    Term Offered: Every semester
  
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    ACC 306 - Accounting Information Systems


    3 credits
    An introduction to basic AIS concepts. AIS concepts consist of the knowledge that accounts need for understanding and using information technologies and for knowing how an AIS gathers and transforms data into useful decision-making information.
    Prerequisite(s): ACC 210  
    Term Offered: Fall semester
  
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    ACC 331 - Managerial Accounting


    3 credits
    Explores the planning, decision-making, and control of business operations using managerial accounting information.
    Prerequisite(s): ACC 210  
    Term Offered: Spring semester
  
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    ACC 332 - Intermediate Accounting 1


    3 credits
    Examines, in a more in-depth way than introductory accounting, financial accounting theory, and techniques used to report financial information to investors, creditors, and other external users.
    Prerequisite(s): ACC 210  
    Term Offered: Fall semester
  
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    ACC 333 - Intermediate Accounting 2


    3 credits
    A continuation of ACC 332  designed for students to refine financial reporting techniques and an understanding of financial accounting theory.
    Prerequisite(s): ACC 332  
    Term Offered: Spring semester
  
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    ACC 334 - Auditing


    3 credits
    Study of audit issues including the role of the auditor, the process of auditing, financial statement components to be audited, and auditing techniques.
    Prerequisite(s): ACC 210  
    Term Offered: Spring semester
  
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    ACC 336 - Income Taxation


    3 credits
    An introduction to the federal income taxation system focusing on income taxes for individuals. Topics includes tax law, calculation of individual taxable income, business income and deductions, and property acquisition, disposition, and cost recovery.
    Prerequisite(s): ACC 210  
    Term Offered: Spring semester
  
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    ACC 431 - Cost Accounting


    3 credits
    Advanced study of various costing methods including job costing, activity - based costing, budgeting, quality and inventory control, and pricing.
    Prerequisite(s): ACC 331  
    Term Offered: Fall semester
  
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    ACC 433 - Advanced Accounting


    3 credits
    Theoretical, procedural, and practical issues associated with financial reporting. Topics include alternative reporting entities, accounting for mergers and acquisitions, consolidations, foreign operations, and complex financial instruments.
    Prerequisite(s): ACC 333  
    Term Offered: Fall semester
  
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    ACC 436 - Advanced Taxation


    3 credits
    A continuation of ACC 336 , covering federal income tax regulations related to C corporations, partnerships, S corporations, and state and local income taxes.
    Prerequisite(s): ACC 336  
    Term Offered: Fall semester
  
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    ACC 490 - Internship


    Variable credits
    By arrangement with the department.
    Term Offered: Every semester

Anthropology

  
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    ANT x91 - Special Topics


    Variable credits
    An intensive study and discussion of selected topics in anthropology. Possible topics include archaeology and death, cultural ecology, historical archaeology, primates, and ethnographic research. May be repeated with change of topic.
    Prerequisite(s): Varies with topics.
    Term Offered: See department chair
  
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    ANT x99 - Independent Study


    Variable credits
    By arrangement with the department.
    Term Offered: See department chair
  
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    ANT 100 - General Anthropology


    3 credits
    This course is a general overview of the four subfields of anthropology: physical, linguistic, cultural, and archeology. Human origins, the culture-language relationship, and past cultures will be considered from a Christian perspective.
    Term Offered: Fall semester
  
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    ANT 101 - Biological Anthropology


    4 credits
    This course is designed to introduce students to the history of thought and the research fundamentals of physical anthropology. Human skeletal and modern biological evidences will be discussed; particular emphasis will be given to the methods and techniques of analysis. 3 hr lecture, 2 hr lab.
    Term Offered: Fall semester
  
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    ANT 102 - Cultural Anthropology


    3 credits
    A course which surveys the development and nature of cultural systems. It examines the social patterns, processes, and variations related to culture. The comparative study of cultures world-wide includes analysis of language, art, family life, religion, economic and political areas.
    Term Offered: Spring semester
  
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    ANT 103 - Archaeology


    3 credits
    This course introduces students to the history of archaeology. It covers general archaeological method and theory and provides overviews of archeological investigations in North America.
    Term Offered: Fall semester
  
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    ANT 104 - Linguistic Anthropology


    3 credits
    This course will introduce students to work of linguistic anthropologists. Weekly class content will include both a historical overview of linguistic field research and studies of select non-Indo-European language traditions. Topics will include the origin of language, nonverbal communication, historical linguistics, and sociolinguistics.
    Term Offered: Spring semester
  
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    ANT 210 - Forensic Anthropology


    3 credits
    The curriculum of this course is designed to introduce students to forensic, anthropological theory and practice. Students enrolled in the class will study the history of this specialized area of study and its connection to a variety of medicolegal topics. Weekly course content will include: crime scene investigation, pathology and trauma assessment, and personal identification.
    Term Offered: Even spring semesters
  
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    ANT 220 - Society and Culture


    3 credits
    This course emphasizes the work of ethnographers. Weekly class content will expose students to cultures from select world areas. Course topics will include: the method and theory of modern cultural anthropologists, select schools of ethnographic thought, the nature and design of related fieldwork, ethnographic interviewing, and fieldwork data analysis.
    Term Offered: Odd fall semesters
  
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    ANT 230 - Advanced Archaeological Methods and Techniques


    3 credits
    This course is designed for students interested in the collection, analysis, and preservation of archaeological materials. Weekly topics will describe and provide examples of modern laboratory methods, field techniques, and procedures involved in the collection and curation of biological and cultural materials.
    Prerequisite(s): Sophomore standing 
    Term Offered: Odd fall semesters
  
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    ANT 311 - Primatology


    3 credits
    This course introduces students to a specialty within physical anthropology. A general overview will be made of the biological species comprising the Order Primates. Topics will include: biological development and growth, social organization, current research and ecology.
    Prerequisite(s): Sophomore standing.
    Term Offered: Odd fall semesters
  
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    ANT 312 - Human Osteology


    3 credits
    This course provides students with an in-depth study of the human skeleton and hominine dentition. Lectures and laboratory exercises will introduce students to applications of skeletal analysis. Topics covered will include: bone and tooth identification, skeletal preservation and reconstruction, and the bioarchaeological study of skeletal samples.
    Prerequisite(s): Sophomore standing
    Term Offered: Even spring semesters
  
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    ANT 321 - Globalization


    3 credits
    This course examines the definition, trends, and impact of globalization as they relate to culture. Issues such as world debt, global pressures on the environment, the role of multinational corporations, the difference between rich and poor nations (North and South), and the rapid transfer of technologies and information around the world are discussed and debated.
    Prerequisite(s): Sophomore standing.
    Term Offered: Even spring semesters
  
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    ANT 322 - Food and Culture


    3 credits
    An anthropological examination of how subsistence shapes memory and tradition. Weekly topics will include: food as medicine, food and tourism, and the politics surrounding food security. Students will be challenged to examine the conscious choices people make regarding communal food resources.
    Prerequisite(s): Sophomore standing
    Term Offered: Fall semester
  
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    ANT 323 - Peoples and Cultures of Selected World Areas


    3 credits
    A comparative, descriptive, and analytic study of a major cultural area of the world. Areas may be selected from : South & Central America, the Pacific, the Caribbean, Sub-Sahara Africa, Southeast Asia, or the Middle East. A student may repeat the course provided a different area is being covered.
    Prerequisite(s): Sophomore standing 
    Term Offered: See department chair
  
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    ANT 324 - Ethnography and Cultural Process


    3 credits
    An introduction to the research methods used by cultural anthropologists. Course topics include: ethnographic data collection and analysis, open coding, the values and ethics associated with fieldwork, and the nature of informal interviewing.
    Prerequisite(s): ANT 102  and junior standing.
    Term Offered: See department chair
  
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    ANT 331 - Death and Archaeology


    3 credits
    This course introduces students to mortuary rituals and the methods of mortuary archaeologists. Topics will include: applications for human osteology, forensic analyses, bioarchaeology, and mortuary ritual.
    Prerequisite(s): Sophomore standing.
    Term Offered: Odd spring semesters
  
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    ANT 332 - North American Archaeology


    3 credits
    A comprehensive survey of archaeological discoveries within the continental United States and Canada as early as 1875. The contributions of the Smithsonian Institute, the National Museum, the Bureau of American Ethnology, and modern Cultural Resource Management will be studied in light of the prehistoric, historic, and living cultures of North America.
    Prerequisite(s): Sophomore standing
    Term Offered: Odd spring semesters
  
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    ANT 333 - Historical Archaeology


    3 credits
    This course examines the development of historical archaeology as a specialized subdiscipline within American Archaeology. The curriculum for the course includes: the unique method and theory of historic archaeologists, the use of oral histories in research, the nature of the documentary record, and the study of historic material culture.
    Prerequisite(s): Sophomore standing
    Term Offered: See department chair
  
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    ANT 467 - Anthropological Field School


    3 to 6 credits
    Students are exposed to a wide range of anthropological methods and techniques. Fieldwork at a remote location is conducted in light of the research aims of a given branch of anthropological study. Additional course fees are determined in relation to the site of the field school and the nature of the undergraduate or graduate research.
    Prerequisite(s): Junior standing or consent of instructor
    Term Offered: See department chair
  
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    ANT 490 - Anthropology Internship


    Variable credits
    A professional work experience under the supervision of selected business and WLC anthropology department faculty in the student’s area of emphasis. The student relates theory to practice and interacts with professionals in a specific anthropology-related field. Regular progress reports and a final wirtten summation are required.
    Term Offered: See department chair
  
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    ANT 493 - Practicum in Anthropology


    3 credits
    A practicum in anthropology may be conducted within a variety of field and work-site environments. For students currently enrolled in anthropological coursework at WLC, practicum placements would build upon specific areas of interest and academic success. Potential sites would include: offices of cultural resource management, local law enforcement agencies, offices of medical examiners, archaeological contract companies, and primate conservation organizations.
    Prerequisite(s): Junior standing and nine credits in Anthropology courses.
    Term Offered: See department chair
  
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    ANT 495 - Senior Thesis and Seminar


    3 credits
    This course is an academic and professional experience within the research area that is of academic and career interest.  The final project for this course will be a student thesis and defense.
    Prerequisite(s): Declared ANT major and senior standing.
    Term Offered: Every semester
  
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    ANT 498 - Independent Research


    Variable credits
    By arrangement with the department.
    Term Offered: See department chair

Art

  
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    ART x99 - Independent Study


    Variable credits
    By arrangement with the department.
    Term Offered: Every semester
  
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    ART 110 - Drawing 1


    3 credits
    A variety of drawing media will be explored to develop basic drawing skills that enable students to interpret form and sharpen their sense of sight.
    Term Offered: Every semester
  
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    ART 120 - Fundamentals of 2-D


    3 credits
    A study and exploration of the elements and principles of design and their application to the designing process, basic to all art fields. Creative design experiences will explore a variety of 2-D media.
    Term Offered: Every semester
  
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    ART 130 - Fundamentals of 3-D


    3 credits
    A study and exploration of the principles of design as applied to three-dimensional form and space. Emphasis will be on translating conceptual elements to construction through the application of various materials.
    Term Offered: Rotational basis
  
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    ART 140 - Introductory Web Design - Tools for Every Profession


    3 credits
    This course is an introduction to design and content for web environments. Focused on four practical parts, the course teaches basic elements and properties of code, functions of a WYSIWYG engine within a Content Management System, the elements and principles of effective design, and current trends and strategies. Every student in this course will create their own web site, applicable to their academic and career interests.
    Term Offered: Fall semester
  
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    ART 150 - Non-Western Art


    3 credits
    A survey of the artwork of African, South American, Native American, Asian, Pacific, Caribbean, and Australian peoples in context with each culture’s traditions and beliefs. Course includes museum visits.

    This course meets the Non-Western Education Collateral requirement.
    Term Offered: Fall semester

  
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    ART 155 - Art History - Survey


    3 credits
    An art history survey course with an overview of two and three-dimensional arts, including architecture, from cultures all over the world, covering various times from ancient to contemporary. Students will learn to analyze and understand art, developing cultural literacy; and become familiar with art historical thinking and methods. Includes museum visits and church tours.
    Term Offered: Even spring semesters
  
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    ART 200 - Introduction to Visual Art


    3 credits
    This course is a foundational introduction to the theory, language, and assumptions about visual art. Content is organized into units of criteria, vocation, materials, and practice, and gives students a series of experiences with image-making.
    Term Offered: Even Fall semesters
  
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    ART 240 - Introduction to Design Software


    4 credits
    This course combines instruction in Adobe Photoshop and in Adobe Illustrator Creative Suite software. Skills and techniques are emphasized in the creation of design solutions.
    Prerequisite(s): ART 120 
  
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    ART 300 - Special Topics - Graphic Design


    1 - 3 credits
    Unique studio or lecture experience, taught by an guest artist and / or WLC art and graphic design faculty. The course is directed as a specific studio or lecture focused to expand the students’ knowledge and creative potential in Graphic Design.
    Term Offered: Rotational basis
  
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    ART 303 - Graphic Design


    4 credits
    Typography, imagery, and layout are presented in a sequence of design problems, using Adobe Creative Suite software. Concept, process, and production are also emphasized.
    Prerequisite(s): ART 231 
  
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    ART 305 - Special Topics - Art


    1 - 3 credits
    Changing unique studio or art history experience, taught by a guest artist and/or WLC art faculty. The course is directed at a specific studio or art history focus to expand the students’ knowledge and creative potential. Past topics have included urban sketching, art journaling, overseas trips, American art, Byzantine art, British art and contemporary trends in art.
    Term Offered: Odd fall semesters
  
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    ART 311 - Drawing 2


    3 credits
    Continuing study and exercise relating to drawing as an art form. A broad spectrum of techniques will enable students to explore visual avenues of communication and self-expression.
    Prerequisite(s): ART 110  
    Term Offered: Spring semester
  
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    ART 315 - Drawing 3 - Animal Anatomy


    3 credits
    Animal Anatomy: Students will learn to individually express the unique visual characteristics of animals, primarily with drawing media, through regular trips to the zoo and other related sites around the area. Through observation of and drawing of creatures, students will also learn more about identifying animal species, their anatomy, behavior and personality.
    Prerequisite(s): ART 110  or approval from instructor
    Term Offered: Odd spring semesters
  
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    ART 321 - Graphic Design - Foundations


    3 credits
    This course continues from 120 to introduce intermediate topics and processes such as module, grid, and iteration. Basics of typography and Adobe InDesign Creative Suite software are also introduced.
    Prerequisite(s): ART 120  
    Term Offered: Odd spring semesters
  
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    ART 330 - 3-D - Traditional Media


    3 credits
    Advanced wheel and construction work with an emphasis on production and sculptural ceramics. Demonstrations and lectures will focus on glaze chemistry, kiln construction, and advanced wheel throwing techniques.
    Prerequisite(s): ART 130  
    Term Offered: Rotational basis
  
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    ART 335 - 3-D - Modern Media


    3 credits
    Advanced three-dimensional experience, taught by a guest artist and/or WLC art faculty. The course is meant to expand the students’ knowledge and creative potential in the three-dimensional arts.
    Prerequisite(s): ART 130  
    Term Offered: Rotational basis
  
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    ART 341 - Digital - Photography


    3 credits
    This course is designed to help students develop an understanding and experience hands on knowledge of digital photography. Students will learn basic camera functions, along with using the digital editing software programs to help develop their experience and knowledge of digital photography. Through a variety of assignments, students will develop a portfolio of images reflecting technical and compositional skills, content and aesthetic literacy in the field of digital photography.
    Term Offered: Even fall semesters
  
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    ART 342 - Web Design


    4 credits
    This course investigates structures, usability, and composition. Web construction applications and current methods are introduced. Aesthetic choices and technical proficiency are emphasized.
    Prerequisite(s): ART 120 . Recommended: ART 240 
  
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    ART 350 - Art History - Ancient and Medieval


    3 credits
    A study of ancient and medieval architecture, painting, and sculpture with examination of the cultural context in which the great art of Egypt, Greece, Rome, and the Christian West developed. Includes museum visits and church tours.
    Term Offered: Odd spring semesters
  
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    ART 361 - Painting 1


    3 credits
    A studio course applying the principles of painting in acrylic and oil. Students will apply their understanding of color theory and technical avenues necessary to describe forms and express ideas.
    Prerequisite(s): ART 110  and ART 120  
    Term Offered: Even spring semesters
  
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    ART 365 - Painting 2


    3 credits
    Extended exploration of the technical and expressive possibilities of acrylic and oil along with mixed media painting approaches. Emphasis will be placed on the nurturing of personal content and individual language. Class will include field trip experiences.
    Prerequisite(s): ART 361  
    Term Offered: Even spring semesters
  
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    ART 370 - Printmaking 1


    3 credits
    A study of drawing and composition applied to the making of multiples. The course introduces the media and techniques of relief and intaglio processes.
    Prerequisite(s): ART 110  
    Term Offered: Every semester
  
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    ART 376 - Printmaking 2


    3 credits
    A continuation of ART 370 . This course investigates additional media and techniques of fine art printmaking. Students learn more advanced approaches and techniques, with a focus on artistic creativity.
    Prerequisite(s): ART 370  
    Term Offered: Every semester
  
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    ART 381 - Studio 1 - Illustration


    3 credits
    A studio course introducing students to concepts and techniques of traditional illustration. Includes line, halftone, and color techniques. Concepts include spot, narrative, editorial, and self-promotion.
    Prerequisite(s): ART 110  and ART 311  
    Term Offered: Rotational Basis
  
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    ART 386 - Studio 2 - Mural


    3 credits
    A continuing study of previous studio work with painting media in a professional context. Emphasis will be placed on each student using his or her artistic gifts and intelligence to contribute to a community mural at a high, professional level. The course will include the student working on advancing their technical painting, their design skills and their creativity.
    Prerequisite(s): Painting experience and consent of instructor.
    Term Offered: Odd fall semesters
  
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    ART 400 - Special Topics - Art History


    1 - 3 credits
    Changing unique studio or art history experience, taught by a guest artist and/or WLC art faculty. The course is directed at a specific studio or art history focus to expand the students’ knowledge and creative potential. Past topics have included urban sketching, art journaling, overseas trips, American art, Byzantine art, British art and contemporary trends in art.
    Term Offered: Rotational basis
  
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    ART 410 - Drawing 4 - Anatomy for the Artist


    3 credits
    The student will focus on the study of the human figure from observational, expressive, and scientific viewpoints. Students will develop perceptual drawings from people, anatomical models, and artists’ works. Lectures will include the presentation of the depiction of the human figure in history and a base knowledge of the musculo-skeletal system.
    Prerequisite(s): ART 110  and ART 311  
    Term Offered: Even spring semesters
  
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    ART 420 - Graphic Design - Advanced


    3 credits
    Typography, imagery, and layout are presented in a sequence of design problems, using Adobe Creative Suite software. Concept, process, and production are also emphasized.
    Prerequisite(s): ART 321  
    Term Offered: Odd fall semesters
  
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    ART 430 - 3-D - Advanced


    3 credits
    Advanced three-dimensional experience, taught by a guest artist and/or WLC art faculty. The course is meant to expand the students’ knowledge and creative potential in the three-dimensional arts.
    Prerequisite(s): ART 130  
    Term Offered: Rotational basis
  
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    ART 440 - Digital - Advanced Web Design


    3 credits
    This course investigates structures, usability, and composition. Web construction applications and current methods are introduced. Aesthetic choices and technical proficiency are emphasized.
    Term Offered: Even spring semesters
  
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    ART 450 - Art History - Renaissance to Modern


    3 credits
    A study of the development of European painting, sculpture, and architecture and the representative masters from the Renaissance through 1945. Includes museum visits and gallery experiences.
    Term Offered: Odd spring semesters
  
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    ART 460 - Painting 3


    3 credits
    A continuing study of previous studio work with painting media offering exploratory approaches to concepts, aesthetics, and awareness. Emphasis on the student’s individual technique, statement, and expressive content. The course will focus on advanced research into the student’s individual style.
    Prerequisite(s): ART 365  
  
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    ART 465 - Painting 4: Watercolor


    3 credits
    A study of the techniques and application of various watercolor media, including transparent watercolor and gouache.
    Term Offered: Odd fall semesters
  
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    ART 470 - Printmaking 3


    3 credits
    A continuation of ART 376 . This course investigates additional media and techniques of fine art printmaking. In the studio students will have the opportunity, time and instruction to focus on their own creative artistic images.
    Prerequisite(s): ART 376  
    Term Offered: Every semester
  
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    ART 475 - Printmaking 4


    3 credits
    A continuation of ART 470 . This course continues to investigate additional media and techniques of fine-art-printmaking. In the studio students will have the opportunity, time and instruction to focus on their own creative artistic images.
    Prerequisite(s): ART 470  
    Term Offered: Every semester
  
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    ART 480 - Studio 3 - Essentials


    3 credits
    An advanced studio course focusing on the student’s individual exploration of various 2-D or 3-D media. Research and outside experiences are involved.
    Term Offered: Odd fall semesters
  
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    ART 485 - Studio 4 - Advanced


    3 credits
    An advanced studio course focusing on the student’s individual exploration of various 2-D or 3-D media. Research and outside experiences are involved.
    Term Offered: Odd fall semesters
  
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    ART 490 - Art Internship


    Variable credits
    A professional work experience under the supervision of selected business and WLC art department faculty within the student’s area of emphasis. The student relates theory to practice and interacts with professionals in a specific art-related field. Regular progress reports and a final written summation are required.
    Term Offered: Every semester
  
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    ART 491 - Art Seminar


    3 credits
    A group study of students’ individual work and current trends in art. Faculty and visiting professionals will discuss making the transition from undergraduate studies to graduate school, a professional career, or employment. Elements of professional practices are explored, including portfolio preparation, resumes, gallery dealings and responsibilities, and advanced research in art.
    Prerequisite(s): Junior standing
    Term Offered: Odd spring semesters
  
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    ART 493 - Portfolio Development


    3 credits
    This course builds an awareness of professional practices in the field of design, emphasizing the production of a body of work, for a final portfolio. Additional focus will be given to print or web design based upon individual students’ skills and interests. Graphic Design Study
    Term Offered: Odd spring semesters
  
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    ART 497 - Gallery Exhibition


    1 credits
    To develop and exhibit a cohesive body of work that demonstrates concepts and skills acquired during the students; studies in the Art Department of Wisconsin Lutheran College. The student will also develop a timeline for prep for the exhibit, take on lighting, installation, design of invitation and press materials, and write an artist’s statement.
    Prerequisite(s): Department approval and senior standing.
    Term Offered: Every semester

Biology

  
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    BIO x91 - Special Topics


    Variable credits
    This course is a seminar in current biological topics. It may be repeated for different topics. This course may require labratory participation.
    Prerequisite(s): Instructor Approval
    Term Offered: Rotational basis
  
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    BIO x99 - Independent Study


    Variable credits
    By arrangement with the department.
    Term Offered: Every semester
  
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    BIO 120 - Life Science


    3 credits
    Major biological principles and concepts relevant to humans and their environment. The nature of doing science. Hands-on activities, investigations, and a writing component are required. Not applicable to the major or minor in biology. 3 hrs lecture
    Term Offered: Spring semester
  
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    BIO 124 - Plant Science


    4 credits
    Human life is dependent upon photosynthetic organisms as a source of food, fiber, fuel, medicine and more. This course explores the importance of plants for life and society; external and internal plant structure and function; plant growth and reproduction; plant diversity; major areas of plant research; and the application of the scientific method to study plants.

    Not applicable to the major or minor in biology. 3 hrs lecture, 2 hrs lab
    Term Offered: Odd fall semesters

  
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    BIO 142 - Microbes - Friends and Foes


    3 credits
    This course is designed to serve non-science majors. Topics include the germ theory of disease, the immune system, public health, food microbiology, agricultural and industrial applications. Emphasis on current topics and reading of the secondary scientific literature. This course is not applicable to the biology major/minor. 3 hrs lecture
    Term Offered: Fall semester
  
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    BIO 143 - Microbes - Friends and Foes Lab


    1 credits
    This course provides an introduction to the scientific method, experimental controls, and statistical analysis using microbial methods as a model for all science. This course is not applicable to the biology major/minor. 2 hrs lab
    Term Offered: Fall semester
  
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    BIO 191 - Special Topic: Insect Empire


    4 credits
    This course is designed to introduce non-biology majors to the wonderful world of bugs, and how these six-legged creatures influence humans and shape societies. Topics include bizarre bugs, bad bugs, good bugs, killer bugs, delicious bugs, and bug guts (i.e., insect diversity, insect-human interactions, insect-plant mutualisms, and insect anatomy and physiology). Emphasis will be placed on interpreting and evaluating information in primary, secondary, and popular scientific literature. Labs will provide an introduction to the scientific method and data analysis through studies of insects. This course is not applicable to the biology major/minor. 3 hrs lec, 2 hrs lab.​
    Term Offered: Spring 2021
  
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    BIO 201 - Principles of Biology 1


    4 credits
    Includes aspects of ecology, environmental science, plant and animal tissues, food production and intake, human anatomy and physiology, reproduction in plants and animals, living kingdoms, and animal behavior. 3 hrs lecture, 2 hrs lab - Offered every semester
    Term Offered: Every semester
  
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    BIO 202 - Principles of Biology 2


    4 credits
    An introduction to cellular reproduction, genetics, natural selection, biochemistry, and cellular biology. 3 hrs lecture, 2 hrs lab
    Term Offered: Every semester
  
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    BIO 223 - Medical Terminology


    2 credits
    The course covers the basic elements, rules of building and analyzing medical words, medical terms, and abbreviations associated with the body as a whole. Utilizing a systems approach, the student will define, interpret, and pronounce medical terms relating to structure and function, pathology, diagnosis, clinical procedures, oncology, and pharmacology. BIO 223 and BIO 323 cannot both be taken for credit. 2 hr lecture
    Term Offered: Spring semester
  
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    BIO 225 - Human Anatomy & Physiology 1


    4 credits
    A systematic approach to the study of human anatomy and physiology using models, charts, readings and dissection. A human cadaver is an integral part of this course. Emphasis is placed on anatomy. Mastery of anatomical vocabulary is expected. 3 hrs lecture, 2 hrs lab
    Term Offered: Fall semester
  
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    BIO 235 - Sectional Anatomy


    2 credits
    An introduction to human anatomy from a medical imaging perspective. Emphasis on structures viewed in transverse, coronal and sagittal planes of CT and MRI. Normal anatomy will be compared with anatomic variants and pathologies.  2 lec.
    Term Offered: Fall semester
  
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    BIO 240 - Nutrition


    3 credits
    Essentials of normal nutrition and its relationship to the health and wellbeing of individuals and families will be emphasized. Included will be the study of the physiological, psychological, and economic aspects of obtaining an adequate diet. This course is required prior to applying to the Nursing program. 3 hrs lecture
    Term Offered: Every semester
  
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    BIO 255 - Human Anatomy & Physiology 2


    4 credits
    A continuation of Human Anatomy and Physiology 1 with emphasis on the function of organ systems and cellular mechanisms responsible for homeostasis 3 hrs lecture, 2 hrs lab
    Prerequisite(s): BIO 225  
    Term Offered: Spring semester
  
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    BIO 275 - Evolution and Diversity


    3 credits
    A study and evaluation of the mechanisms of evolution, evolutionary history and the diversity of life. The theological implications of modern evolutionary theory will also be considered. 3 hrs lecture
    Term Offered: Odd fall semesters
  
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    BIO 283 - Marine Ecology


    3 credits
    An introduction to marine ecology for science and non-science majors in a unique field and laboratory environment on the island of Jamaica. Field trips will include coral reef, estuary, and tide pool communities. Offered during vacation breaks. (Additional fees and instructor approval are required for this course.)
    Term Offered: J-term only
  
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    BIO 310 - Biostatistics


    3 credits
    An introduction to modern statistical techniques used to analyze and interpret data in the biological sciences. Experimental design, data collection, descriptive and inferential statistics will be covered. Inferential analyses covered include hypothesis testing for single means and proportions, difference between two means and proportions (t and z tests), paired means, multiple means (ANOVA), and linear regression and correlation. Statistical software program (e.g. R) use will be introduced. 3 hrs lecture
    Prerequisite(s): Jr status or MAT 221   or MAT 117  
    Term Offered: Fall semester
  
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    BIO 321 - Invertebrate Zoology


    4 credits
    A study of anatomy, behavior, classification, and ecology in invertebrates. Organisms will be collected from the Menomonee River, Milwaukee County Ponds, and Lake Michigan. 3 hrs lecture, 2 hrs lab
    Prerequisite(s): BIO 201  and BIO 202  
    Term Offered: Odd spring semesters
  
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    BIO 322 - Vertebrate Zoology


    4 credits
    Aspects of anatomy, behavior, classification and ecology of vertebrates. Field trips will include bird identification and sampling fish in streams and lakes 3 hrs lecture, 2 hrs lab
    Prerequisite(s): BIO 201  and BIO 202  
    Term Offered: Even spring semesters
  
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    BIO 323 - Applied Medical Terminology


    3 credits
    The course covers the basic elements, rules of building and analyzing medical words, and medical terms, and abbreviations associated with the body as a whole. Utilizing a systems approach, the student will define, interpret, and pronounce medical terms relating to structure and function, pathology, diagnosis, clinical procedures, oncology, and pharmacology. In addition, the course includes in-depth applications of the medical terms learned. Course is taught simultaneously with BIO 223 with an additional 50-minute/week meeting time. BIO 223 and BIO 323 cannot both be taken for credit. 3 hrs lecture
    Prerequisite(s): One of: BIO 201 , BIO 202 , BIO 225 , or BIO 255  
    Term Offered: Spring semester
  
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    BIO 324 - Botany


    4 credits
    Study and identification of nonseed plants, gymnosperms and angiosperms. The economic and ecological importance of these plants is considered. Field studies and a plant collection are required. 3 hrs lecture, 2 hrs lab
    Prerequisite(s): BIO 201  and BIO 202  
    Term Offered: Even fall semesters
 

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